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Specially Designed Instruction and Related Services

Specially Designed Instruction (SDI) is an instructional approach that systematically tailors teaching strategies and methods to meet the unique needs of students with learning disabilities and other types of learning disorders. Under 34 C.F.R. Section 300.39 , specifically designed instruction means adapting, as appropriate, to the needs of an eligible child. Examples of SDI include:

  • Modification, accommodations, and/or adaptations to curriculum/lessons
  • Modifications, accommodations, and/or adaptations of instructional materials
  • Collaboration and consultation with teachers, specialists, and parents
  • Physical assistance
  • Behavior plans
  • Use of manipulatives and/or other kinesthetic resources during content lessons
  • Use of visual, written, or picture prompts/aids during direct instruction
    • Books on tape, enlarged print, auditory equipment, footrests, adaptive technology, etc.
  • Computer assisted instruction

A Related Service is intended to assist the student to benefit from special education. Under Section 300.34 of IDEA , related services include transportation and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education, and includes speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpretation services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, early identification and assessment of disabilities in children, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation and mobility services, and medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes. Related services also include school health services and school nurse services, social work services in schools, and parent counseling and training. Examples of Related Services include, but are not limited to:

  • Speech-language therapy
  • Counseling
  • Adaptive Physical Education
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Assistive Technology services
  • Vision Services
  • Deaf/Hard of Hearing Services